Tag Archives: Nicholas Krieger

Using Moravian Church Records to Create a Timeline of the Krieger Brothers’ Lives

Let’s face it. Not all church records are created equal, neither in terms of completeness nor accessibility.

However, there are two religious bodies known for their excellent record keeping – the Quakers and the Moravians. My husband has a few ancestors who belonged to these churches and some of the bits of information I’ve found have been true treasures.

Today, I’d like to share a timeline of the lives of the children of Nicholas Krieger and Catharina Maria (Borger), who settled in Rowan County, North Carolina by 1768, based on entries found in the Bethania Diary of the Records of the Moravians in North Carolina series, which has been digitized into about a dozen volumes (each with an index) and available to be searched on Internet Archive.

The area in which they lived first became Surry County, then Stokes County and, finally, Forsyth County.

While Nicholas and Catharina Krieger were Lutherans, four of their children opted to join the Moravian Church. Their daughter Rosina, only appears once, when her 1831 death is noted. However, the three sons – Henry, Jacob and George – appear in several volumes of the church records, which give life details that can’t be found elsewhere.

A second custom of the Moravians – to mark the grave of a deceased member with a flat stone noting name and dates of birth/death – add to the ability to form a picture of an ancestor’s life.

The remainder of this post will be in timeline format, given the number of entries found about this family.

1775 to 1783 – Residents in Wachovia: Heinrich Krieger (Kruger) born 1753 & Jacob Krieger (Kruger) born 1755

1778, August 17Henry Krieger enters 300 acres of land in Surry county, sides of Ruff Fork, joining Philip Shouse

1778, October 24 – Our two neighbors, Philipp Schaus and [Nicholas] Criiger came with a request that I publish the Banns for Jacob Cruger and Susanna Schaus. I raised some objections because they do not belong to our parish, but when they insisted, I promised to do it.

1781, April 14[Henry] Kruger brought deer skins which he had gotten from the tanner Doub

1782, March 19 – Received into the congregation the married Heinrich Krieger by Br. Graff

1783, May 18 – Krieger Sr. asks marriage banns be posted for son Johan George & Catharina Ludwig, daughter of Philip

1787, October 13 – We reached George Krieger’s, finding only the wife and her sister. They were unusually glad to see us and after we talked with them a while, she took her baby on her arm and went with us to Friedrich Schaus; they had recently come here to Heinrich Krieger‘s old place for a few days. After staying there a short time, Mrs. Krieger went with us to the point where the path turns to Hannah Hauser’s. . .she told my wife that she never missed coming to preaching when she could help it, that the services were a blessing to her and that she was grateful to the Brethren for baptizing her children.

1787, October 23 – Then we went to Heinrich Krieger’s, which we also enjoyed; they are industrious people, well fixed and their house looked clean and in good order. She accompanied us to Hilsebeck’s where we were welcome with love and heartiness, but Nielson was there tailoring so it was not exactly pleasant to stay long. Hilsebeck and Krieger went with us to Shaus’s, where we stayed more than three hours and talked of many things. On the way back, we stopped at Jacob Krieger‘s, and reached home at twilight.

1788, May 15 – Heinrich Krieger came to take me to the home of Philip Schaus, to hold the funeral of his son whose body was found in the Yadkin yesterday.

1788, June 6 – A locksmith working at the house of Friedrich Schaus was given ten lashes. . . recently, he returned, went to the house of Jacob Krieger, and as Krieger was in the woods he annoyed the women until some of the neighbors came. . .

1788, October 29 – We visited the Jacob Kriegers, Hilsebecks, and the elder Schauses. On our return we meant to call on Heinrich Krieger and Benjamin Leinbach, but accidentally turned into the Richmond road. . .

1792, November 9Br. and Sr. Jacob Krieger had cause to thank God for the escape of their youngest child, Susanna, who fell into the creek near their house and nearly drowned.

1795 – Our Br. Jacob Krieger . . nearly lost this life in taking down an old shed but escaped with an injury to his head.

1797, about September 21 – During this month our Br[other] Heinrich Krieger fell from a mulberry tree and badly injured one leg.

1804, August 26 – Br. Pfohl and his wife went to the home of our widowed Br. Heinrich Kreiger, and there performed the marriage ceremony for Br. Kreiger and the widowed Society Sr. Regina Elisabeth Miller.

1810, October 23 – Our Brn. . . . Joh. Heinrich, Joh. George and Johannes Krieger left together with their teams for Cross Creek.

1810, November 3 – The Brethren returned late at night from Cross Creek.

1813, September 26 – Br. J.H. took his single daughter M.E.H. to Br. and Sr. Johann Heinrich Krieger, who out of pity had agreed to receive her. Her gross sin made it necessary for her to leave the village.

1813, December 26 – On the farm of our Br. Johann Heinrich Krieger, Br. Pfohl baptized the infant son of the single M.E.H.

1814, July 17Johann George Krieger, son of Johann George married on the 14th to a woman “who does not belong to us.”

1822, January 12 – For the members living out of town. . . Suitable places for such meetings would be in the house of Br. Peter Pfaff, in Pfafftown, and in the house of Br. Jacob Krieger.

1822, January 26 – Br. Wolle went to the home of Br. Jacob Krieger, and held the first service there; it will be repeated every four weeks.

1823, February 1822 – Br. Wolle held the four-weekly meeting at the home of Br. and Sr. Johann Jacob Krieger.

1824, March 13 – We drove to J.J. Kriegers, where I preached and then baptized a son of Jacob Schuass with the name John Tryphonius. When Jacob Schauss was a year and a half old his mother died, and he was brought up by Jacob Krieger. His father married again, and lives in the western country. After dinner we visited Henry Krieger.

1824, May 8 – I preached at J.J. Krieger‘s and baptized the third child of Jacob Hilsebeck, who received the name Susanna Rebecca.

1824, August 17 – I rode. . .and on the way back stopped to see the widow Mary Krieger . . .

1824, August 27 – I rode to Jacob Krieger’s. . .

1824, September 7 – Br. V. V. rode to the home of Henry Krieger and John Miller (the latter has fever). both families live in the same house. Then he went to Jacob Schor, and from there to the widowed Mary Krieger (six miles from Bethania) and to John Hilsebeck.

1824, September 30 – The same evening I heard that the family of Johann Jacob Krieger wanted me to come next morning as he was critically ill. On the way thither on Oct. 1, I heard that he had passed away at half past seven on the preceding evening. But I rode on, visited the families in Stauber Town, and Jacob Krieger’s sorrowing widow and household.

1824, October 2 – At the funeral of our departed Br. J. J. Krieger, the sermon text was: Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord.

1827, August 7 – I rode with Dr. Kuhln to Henry Krieger‘s house. He is better.

1828, June 4 – In the afternoon there was the funeral of the departed Br. Johann Henry Krieger. Br. Pfohl held the service in German. The congregation was very large; the day oppressively hot.

c1940 – Moravian Church Archivist wrote a two-page letter providing information about the family of Johan George Krieger Sr.

Not only did I learn about daily events in the Kriegers’ lives, but this is the only resource for particular details, such as Wachovia residents at the start of the American Revolution, some marriage information and death dates.

When all this data is added to wills and probate file, North Carolina marriage records and church cemetery stones, there is a long list of factual details about the Kriegers’ lives.

If your ancestors lived in or near Bethania, North Carolina, take a look at the Moravian Church records. Although most of the diaries  discuss Brethren, as you can see, there are some notations of non-church members.

These volumes truly are gold for genealogists!

Abraham Stoltz & Rosina Krieger, Stokes County, North Carolina & Their Family

Rosina Krieger, youngest child of Nicholas Krieger and Catharina Maria (Borger?) had the most difficult life of the five Krieger children.

There are several records that document her life. She was born c1760 or perhaps a little later as she was confirmed at the Muddy Creek Lutheran Church in Surry County, North Carolina on 8 June 1777.

She married Abraham Stoltz by 1792; no marriage record has been found. Abraham died after a decade of marriage and before 7 December 1802, when Rosina declined to serve as administratrix of her husband’s estate.

Although Rosina’s death is noted in the Moravian Church records, Abraham’s death is not and at least one of her children, son Henry, was baptized in the Shiloh (previously called Muddy Creek) Lutheran Church.

It may be that Rosina’s death was mentioned because she attended the Moravian Church with her extended family after the death of Abraham.

Rosina never remarried and had to accept that her two daughters, Susanna and Mary Elizabeth, were bound out by the court. The blow would have been somewhat softened knowing that Mary Elizabeth was bound out to her brother Jacob.

Abraham and Rosina were the parents of three children:

  1. Susanna, born c1793; bound out to Jacob Conrad on 4 March 1806, Stokes County, North Carolina; died after 5 April 1817.
  2. Mary Elizabeth, born 2 February 1796, Stokes County, North Carolina; bound out to Jacob Krieger on 4 March 1806, Stokes County, North Carolina; died 27 August 1868, Forsyth County, North Carolina; married Martin Holder, 17 August 1819, Stokes County, North Carolina. Both are buried at Moravian God’s Acre Cemetery in Bethania, Forsyth, North Carolina. Martin was born 7 May 1794 and died on 30 November 1872. They were the parents of at least three children.
  3. Henry, baptized 19 August 1798, Shiloh Lutheran Church, Stokes County, North Carolina; married Polly Holder, 3 April 1820, Stokes County, North Carolina; He is likely the Henry Stotts, born 1798,  in Forsyth County in 1850 married to Magdalene (MNU).

Rosina and Susanna made an appearance in the 1817 Moravian Church records, but no reason was given for the action:

From “The Record Book of Shiloh Lutheran Church Lewisville NC 1777-1893” at FCGS Journal Vol 12 Spring 1990:

“April 5, 1817. According to the resolution and direction of our last Synod our Church Council, with others given a seat in it, have met and: Resolved: That George Kraus and Rosina Stultz, widow, are excluded from our church; and further, than unless Susanna Stoltz appears and apologises she also shall be regarded as excluded.”

No further record is found on Susanna after 1817. Susan Stoltz who married Jacob Shore in 1824 was the daughter of Casper Stoltz. She seems to have been lost to time.

Mary Elizabeth and Martin Holder were the parents of several children, as apparently was her brother Henry. Identifying those children would take some digging.

This concludes the short series on the grandchildren of Nicholas Krieger and Catharina maria (Borger?) of Stokes County, North Carolina.

Johan George Krieger & Catherina Ludwig, Stokes County, NC & Their Family

Johan George Krieger is the youngest son of Nicholas Krieger and Catharina Maria (Borger?) of North Carolina in the 1700s.

He was reportedly born 12 July 1759, but whether in Pennsylvania or Maryland is uncertain. He married Catharina Ludwig, daughter of Philip Ludwig, probably in June 1783, as a request was made to the Moravian Church to publish banns on 18 May 1783.

Banns are normally published three Sundays in a row with the wedding held shortly afterwards.

Although George joined the Moravian Church, possibly because other siblings did the same, he apparently left the church in 1822:

This undated letter form the church archivist also states that Catharina Ludwig died [23 October – per original gravestone] 1820.

Another possible reason for George leaving the church is the fact that his son George was “cut off from the congregation” just three days after his wedding in 1814 when he married outside the Moravian faith:

George married (2) Sarah Hunter, possibly a daughter or other relative of John Hunter, who died in 1803 in Stokes County. The wedding date for this couple mystified many for a long time, as Sarah applied for a widow’s pension based on George Krieger’s service in the Revolutionary War, stating they had married in 1798.

However, it was eventually determined that Sarah lied about the date because the current law at the time required widows to have been married before 1800.

The law was amended in the 1850s, about the time that Sally made her application. Eventually, it was determined the couple married about 1828. The 1830 census for George includes one female, aged 50-60.

George wrote his will in 1831, but it wasn’t proved in court until September 1841, so George died shortly before that time.

George and Catherina were the parents of ten children, nine of whom lived to adulthood, married and had children, all named in their father’s will. However, none of his daughters are identified by married names in it.

Children:

1. Mary, born c1784; died after 1860, probably Forsyth County, North Carolina, where she lived with the Nathaniel and Lavia Pfaff family; married Frederick Wolff, 16 September 1802, Stokes County, North Carolina.
2. Peter, born c1784; died after 1850, when he was 66, or after 1860, when one Peter Kreeger is enumerated as 65 years old. His gravestone wasn’t placed until 1982. He married Martha London, 31 March 1828, Stokes County, North Carolina. she died before 1850.
3. Elizabeth, born c1786; died between 1850-1860, probably Surry County, North Carolina; married Jacob Spainhour, 20 December 1807, Stokes County, North Carolina.
4. Jacob, born 30 August 1788; died 5 October 1844; married Mary Fulp, 15 December 1813, Stokes County, North Carolina. He is buried at the Mount Pleasant United Methodist Church Cemetery in Forsyth County, North Carolina.
5. Catharina Anna, born c1790; died after 1860, probably Forsyth County, North Carolina; married George Boose, before 1820, probably Stokes County, North Carolina
6. Johan George, born c1792; died before 1850, probably Owen County, Indiana; married Abigail Fulp, 10 July 1814, Stokes County, North Carolina. Abigail also died before 1850. Their younger children were sent to live with elder siblings in Indiana and Illinois.
7. Philippine, born 21 August 1794; died 13 May 1820, Stokes County, North Carolina; unmarried
8. Margaret, born c1798; died between 1850-1860, probably Stokes County, North Carolina; married John Boose, 9 July 1821, Stokes County, North Carolina
9. Charity, born c1800, Stokes County, North Carolina; died 17 March 1880 of dropsy & widowed, Taylor, Scott, Virginia [1880 mortality schedule states she died of old age and was divorced]; married Thomas Eads, 16 December 1822, Stokes County, North Carolina. Thomas in not in the home at the time of the 1850 census.
10. Susanna, born 13 June 1806, Stokes County, North  Carolina; died 2 March 1884, Forsyth County, North Carolina; married Lewis Werner, 3 February 1827, Stokes County, North Carolina. She is buried at the Tabernacle United Methodist Church cemetery in Forsyth County, North Carolina.

All of George’s and Catharina’s children, except for daughter Philippine who died aged 25, married and had children. There are many descendants of this couple today.