Non-U.S. Links


1831 Census for Lower Canada (free) – search engine on Library and Archives Canada

British Columbia – The Bill Silver Digital Newspaper Archive

Canada – Border Entry Records

Canada GenWeb

Canadian Museum of Immigration at Pier 21

Canadiana – Historical archive with 40 million pages

Cemeteries of Quebec

Global Genealogy – lots of New Brunswick, Canada links

Lakehead University’s List of Federal and Provincial Archives in Canada

Library and Archives Canada

New Brunswick Genealogy Records on Line

Peel’s Prairie Provinces

Provincial Archives of New Brunswick

Nova Scotia Historical Vital Statistics

Nova Scotia Genealogy Records on Line

Quebec Family History Society

Quebec Genealogy Records on Line

The Canadian County Atlas Digital Program

TONI (The Ontario Name Index) – Ontario Genealogical Society

United Empire Loyalists’ Association of Canada


For those with Chinese ancestry, here are some online resources:

1. China GenWeb

2. FamilySearch China Genealogy – Log into your account to search

3.  Philadelphia, PA Case Files of Chinese Immigrants, 1900-1923

4. Chinese Historical Society of America

5. National Archives and Records Administration, Pacific Region

6. Chinese Railroad Workers in North America Project

7. The Chinese in California 1850-1925

Usually, I only list resources with digitized links. Because Chinese resources are so sparse and this collection is so large, I am including it:

8. FamilySearch, Collection of Genealogies 1239-2013 – These are microfilms which must be ordered from the Family History Library in Salt Lake City and read at your local Family History Center.

There are not many resources out there, but there are some that look very promising, especially if you can read Mandarin or one of the other dialects.

I also recommend looking for ethnic organizations in the towns where your family settled.


European History Primary Sources – resources in 8 languages; links to collections that may enhance your genealogical research abroad.

Europeana – Free website sharing the cultural heritage of Europe

World Digital Library – a growing site highlighting the history of culture of countries around the world.


Note that most German record access is only available by subscription or as a member of the LDS Church with an account on FamilySearch.

FamilySearch – German church registers have been digitized, but as I found out at the Family History Library during RootsTech, those digital images are only accessible through an LDS member account. They can’t even be viewed in the FHL without one. I was told that is why they keep the microfilms of those records.

FamilySearch Wiki for Germany – Log into your account to search.

A young reader, Eric, used resources found in these pages to complete his Scouting Genealogy merit Page and suggested this site for cultural learning:
Traditional German Clothing and Your German Heritage

Matricula-Online – There is a collection of central European church registers. It appears to be free, but read the terms of use (Google translate), as they are restrictive in terms of sharing/publishing images.

Ancestry – requires a world subscription, but it can be accessed at local family history centers and many public libraries.

Compgen – free website to locate villages with Ortsfamilienbucher (family books) in German

Compgen Wiki – in German, but Google Translate is your friend!

Archion – subscription site, about 180 euros per year (US $200)


German Genealogy Society – Membership offered, but there are free links on the home page.

Palatine German Genealogy and Ships Passenger Lists – From The Olive Tree Genealogy

The Palatines – Compiled by the United Empire Loyalist Association of Canada, this PDF file contacts historical information as well as links to research sources.


Here are a baker’s dozen plus 1 of resources for locating historic newspapers online – some lead to pay links, but many are free.

NewspaperMap – an interactive map to 10,000 newspapers worldwide.

  1. Europeana Newspapers – This website has links to about 25 participating libraries. NOTE: Use the box at the top right to EXPLORE the newspapers. The prototype browser offered in the box allows search terms to be entered.
  2. BGSU University Libraries – This library has links to worldwide newspaper collections. The European tab lists the newspapers by name under countries and also includes the time period of publication.
  3. The Ancestor Hunt by Kenneth R. Marks has a 2016 post about European newspaper links, some free and some by subscription.
  4. Wikipedia: List of Online Newspapers
  5. University of Illinois – Find Newspapers – Scroll down past the mainly U.S. links to Europe.
  6. Google News Archive – more links to worldwide newspapers, but they are in ABC order by title, not grouped by country
  7. Compact Memory – A collection of Jewish newspapers published in German speaking countries
  8. Duke University Libraries: Russian and East European Historical Newspapers


Poland is a country whose borders and rulers have changed many times. Almost 9,000,000 Americans claim Polish roots. Yet, because of the many political shifts in Polish history, vital records can be difficult to locate. Here is a list of Polish resources to check if your family hailed from the area that today is Poland.

1. AGAD – Ukrainian, Russian and Lithuanian records from areas that once were in Poland, but are not currently. This archive is housed in Warsaw.

2. – Although most records on Ancestry are available only by subscription, it does have a number of Polish databases that are available to search for free. Use this link to access the list.

3. FamilySearch – Log into your account to search.
Poland Indexed Historical Records
Poland Wiki

4. FEEFHS (Foundation of Eastern European Family History Societies – This site has lots of gazetteer information, digital maps on line and links to many Polish genealogical societies

5. Geneteka

6. My Pommerania

7. Polish National Archives

8. Poznan Project – If you have relatives who married in Poznan, this is for you – a marriage database

9. Genealogy Indexer – This website has a focus on Central and Eastern European records with 1.8 million pages of historical records.

11. Museum of the History of Polish Jews

12. Polish Genealogical Society of America


Denmark – Obituaries from the 1900s and 2000s

Alsnissen: Index of Sonderborg County records

Arkivalieronline (Danish State Archives)

Bornholmske Church Books – indexed records of Bornholm Island

Copenhagen Street and Parish Index – Log into your account to search.

Copenhagen Police Census 1890-1923 – If your family lived in Copenhagen during this time period, you can search for them here.

Danish Demographic Database

Danish Record Collections at

DigDag – Interactive historical maps

DIS-Danmark – this interactive map will display every Danish parish from 1793 to 1970

Google Translate – If you don’t speak Danish (like me), this will give you a rough idea of what you are trying to read.

Museum of Danish America

Nordic Heritage Museum

Otto Kalkar: Ordbog til det aeldre danske sprog (1300-1700) – Translations for archaic words

Research by Aurelia Clemons – index for some areas of Denmark (free)

Scandinavian Feast Day Calendar

Scandinavian Handwriting Log into your account to search.


There is a positive and a negative side to researching Swedish family. Swedish records, which include the usual births/baptisms, marriages and burials also include frequent Household Examinations by the parish vicar, population registers which are actual tax registers, detailed probate records and various other records kept mostly at the local level either by the parish priest or the city military or courts.

The negative side is that the most complete records are only available on one subscription site – ArkivDigital.

First, here are some free resources:

American Swedish Institute

FamilySearch has a browsable collection of Swedish records, a few of which are indexed and appear as abstracted data when a name is entered in the search box. To view the full browsable collection, one must visit a local family history center. Here is more information on what is in the collection and how to access items.

Demographic Database of Southern Sweden – This is a site that has begun to abstract records from parishes in the old Malmohus, Kristianstad and Blekinge counties in southern Sweden. The link is to the English page.

Nordic Heritage Museum

Scandinavia Feast Day Calendar – Many old baptismal records are written as “1st Sunday after Epiphany.” This will help you determine what the calendar day and month were.

Slakdata – This is also a database of parish records that have been abstracted. It is in Swedish, so click on registerlista and then click on the first letter of your parish name (forsamling) to see if your parish of interest is listed. This website is more of a complement to the DDSS listed above because I find that many of my parishes of interest in southern Sweden haven’t yet been added to

SVAR – Swedish National Archives

The Swedish Genealogy Guide – A blog, videos, dictionary and links will help acclimate you to Swedish records and research.

Swedish National Archives – Unlike Denmark and Norway, Swedish records are not free, but the link is included here if you would like to find out what types of records they hold and how to obtain them.

As mentioned before, the most complete records are accessible only through subscription and the most comprehensive record sets with the best images are found on ArkivDigital.

ArkivDigital, a relatively new company, scanned all new images of the records it offers on line. Newer technology equals better quality its images are top quality. ArkivDigital offers multiple subscription tiers: one week, one month, three months, six months, one year, or two years.

Disclaimer: The information in this post is my own opinion. I receive no benefits, recompense or payments of any kind from ArkivDigital.


The Carpathian Connection – for those with Passaic, NJ Slovak family

Slovakia Census 1869 – on FamilySearch.og

Slovakia Church and Synogogue Records – on

Genealogy Indexer – This website has a focus on Central and Eastern European records with 1.8 million pages of historical records.


Be sure to peruse the entire list, as a few entries cover, say, England and Wales, but I’ve listed them under England, the first country in the title.

Geograph – Their goal is to “photograph every square kilometer of Great Britain and Ireland.”

The Federation of Family History Societies – subscription membership, but there are almost 200 local family history societies that belong to FFHS. If you know the ancestral home of your family, membership in a society might provide access to local records.

GENUKI – a virtual reference library of genealogical information of particular relevance to the UK and Ireland

Guild of One-Name Studies

Society of Genealogists

UK GenWeb – managed by volunteers so some sites might be chock full of information, while others have little, but well worth checking

The Genealogist – membership website, but you can search for free.

International Society for British Genealogy and Family History – based in the US

Wales, Ireland, Scotland, England Family History Society

Quaker Family History Society

Forces War Records – search military records for free, but fee to access

Catholic Family History Society – covers England, Wales and Scotland, but not Ireland

Children’s Homes

Home Children, 1869-1932 – British Home Children in Canada

British Home Children in Canada

British History Online

British Home Child Group International

British Library

Connected Histories

Deceased Online – search British burial records for free, but fee to access

British Postal Museum and Archive

Army Museums Ogilby Trust – Regimental museums in the U.K.

Borthwick Institute for Archives – U.K. repository of regional and national archives

British Newspaper Archive

Commonwealth War Graves Commission

The Gazette – UK government notices on a variety of topics

FreeCEN – Search U.K. Censuses

Medieval English Genealogy

Gazetteer of British Place Names

Research Libraries UK – catalogs of 24 of the largest UK and Ireland research libraries

National Maritime Museum

National Railway Museum

Naval Biographical Database

Western Front Association – remembering those who served in The Great War (WWI)

UKBMD Project – local society initiatives to publish local records online

Be aware that for colonial American ties to Britain, many early parish registers have been indexed and are available on FamilySearch. However, for more recent vital records, there are indexes available online, but birth, marriage and death records must be purchased.


Apprenticeship Books of Great Britain – on FamilySearch beginning in 1711

Apprenticeship RecordsFindMyPast is a subscription site, but it includes an excellent collection of British apprenticeship records:

City of London, Haberdashers, Apprentices and Freemen 1526-1933
City of London, Ironmongers, Apprentices and Freemen 1511-1939
City of York Apprentices and Freemen 1272-1930
Country Apprentices 1710-1808
Devon, Plymouth & West Devon Apprentices 1570-1910
Electrical Engineering Apprentices and Trainees 1902-1934
Gloucester Apprentices 1595-1700
Lincolnshire Parish Apprentice Index 1618-1925
London Apprenticeship Abstracts 1442-1850
Manchester Apprentices 1700-1849
Parish Apprentices for Dorset
Parish Apprentices for Somerset
Surrey, Southwark, Newington Apprentice Register 1891

The Records of London’s Livery Companies Online (ROLLCO)

FreeBMD – Civil registration began in 1837 and records are indexed.

General Register Office – Certificates can be ordered here.

FreeReg – Parish registers can be searched here. Be aware that not all parishes are included, nor are all date ranges.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury – Probate records (wills) can be downloaded directly from the website, but it is a pay site.

Old Bailey – criminal trial records from 1674-1913

Historical Directories of England and Wales – digital directories from 1750-1919

Post-1858 Wills for England and Wales – searchable index

Northern Ireland

North of Ireland Family History Society

General Register Office of Northern Ireland

Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI)

Republic of Ireland

American Ancestors – Subscription site, but if you have New England Irish immigrant ancestors, NEHGS has a number of holdings, including newspapers ads looking for Missing Friends.

Irish Archives Resource

The Irish Great War Dead Archive


Dictionary of the Scots Language

Electric Scotland

FamilySearch – Scotland wiki

GENUKI Scotland

Rootschat: Scotland

Scottish Association of Family History Societies

Scottish Archive Network

ScotlandsPeople – This is the government website to use for Scottish records. However, it is a pay site.

National Records of Scotland: Besides access to ScotlandsPeople, this site has many other databases.

National Library of Scotland

The Scottish Emigration Blog

The Scottish Register of Tartans


FamilySearch Wiki – Wales Genealogy, lots of links

Archives Network Wales – Includes collections from 21 archives in Wales

FreeBMD – Civil registration began in 1837 and records are indexed.

General Register Office – Certificates can be ordered here.

Historical Directories of England and Wales – digital directories from 1750-1919

National Library of Wales

A Topographical Dictionary of Wales

FamilySearch Wales Probate Abstracts, 1544-1858 – As of December 2017, patrons must sign up for a free account to log in and access collections on FamilySearch

Genealogy Tips & Family History