Joseph Woodruff, Who’s Your Daddy? Sorting Out Three Joseph Woodruffs in Spartanburg County, SC

Having taken early Woodruff research at face value and not having done any real research of my own, I lately decided it was time to take another look at this very tangled family.

The immigrant generations are fairly straight forward, having settled in New York and then Westfield, Union, New Jersey. The problems were created when (1) they all started naming their children with the same given names and (2) the families migrated, mob-style, to the southern colonies before the Revolutionary War.

I am trying to prove family connections with actual documentation, which isn’t provided in the century-old research published on this family.

Today’s problem is proving that the father of Joseph Woodruff who died in Hopkins County, Kentucky was the son of Samuel Woodruff who married (1) a cousin, Jennet Woodruff and (2) Nancy Pilgrim. This man died in Spartanburg County, South Carolina and thankfully left a will naming children by two apparent marriages. The children from his first marriage (to Jennet Woodruff) received token legacies, while children from his second marriage to Nancy Pilgrim inherited the bulk of his estate. This will was written on 11 July 1835 and proved 11 July 1835 in Spartanburg County, South Carolina.

NOTE: This post will be long, so I will separately post a full transcription of Samuel Woodruff’s will.

The 1830 census helps a bit here, as Samuel Woodruff was called “Esquire” in the enumeration. He was aged 60-69 and the eldest female was aged 50-59. They were the only two family members in the household, but Samuel’s listing included 14 enslaved people.

Therefore, this Samuel Woodruff was born between 1761-1770 and likely closer to 1761 as Jennet (Woodruff) Woodruff has a gravestone inscribed with a birth date of 6 September 1762 (born in Westfield, Union, New Jersey) and death date of 14 September 1800. She died at the young age of 38.

If Samuel married at age 21 and he was about 22 at the time of his first child’s birth, the child would have been born c1784.

Children by Jennet:

1. Hannah, born c1784; married Mr. Pilgrim
2. Phebe, born c1787
3. Joseph, born c1791, per 1850 and 1860 census records
4. Moses, born c1793

Children by Nancy:

  1. Aaron, but not found in any census from 1840 onward unless he is the Aaron Woodruff in Surry County, North Carolina in 1830, aged 30-39 years old. If so, then Aaron is a son of Jennet, not Nancy.
  2. Amos, born c1801, Spartanburg County, South Carolina; died 1882, Lamar County, Texas; married Levina Bobo, c1823, probably Spartanburg County, South Carolina
  3. Richard, born 28 December 1812; died 19 June 1892, Spartanburg County, South Carolina; married Elizabeth (MNU). He became a Baptist minister.
  4. Gideon, born 1811-1820; may be the man living either in Surry County, North Carolina or Taliaferro County, Georgia
  5. Rebecca; married Mr. Bobo; may be Rebecca, born c1816 married to Manly Bobo and living in Union County, South Carolina in 1850
  6. Isaac, born 10 September 1806, Spartanburg County, South Carolina; died 18 August 1855, Spartanburg County, South Carolina; married Maria, c1828

Well, this is pretty good proof of Joseph’s father, isn’t it? Wills don’t lie, at least not most of the time. The answer to my question is yes AND no. Here’s why:

While picking through the land deeds of Spartanburg County, hoping to find out more about Joseph Woodruff’s life before he left South Carolina around 1815 (he begins appearing regularly on the Hopkins County, Kentucky tax lists from 1816+) for Kentucky, I came across Discovery #2, which I actually quickly wrote off and didn’t even save an image.

A Thomas Woodruff filed notice among the deeds that he was indebted to Joseph Woodruff, SON OF NATHANIEL (!)  for the sum of $1500. However, Joseph of Hopkins County was born no earlier than 1790 and this deed was recorded in 1809. The maximum age Joseph could have been was 19 AND $1500 in 1809 is worth about $30,000 today. Nathaniel Woodruff’s son, Joseph, was clearly older than 19 and a man of very comfortable means.

My third discovery is a bit more problematic. Joseph Woodruff of Spartanburg County left a will dated 22 September 1817 and proved on 18 December 1817.

Will of Joseph Woodruff, 1817
Spartanburg County, SC WB A:124-125
Source: FamilySearch

I will share a full transcription of the will in a later post, but, right now, the important section is the last paragraph on page 124 and the first two lines at the top of page 125:

. . .And if there should be a balance yet undivided it to be equally divided between my wife Anna Woodruff my sons Samuel & Thomas & Caleb Woodruff together with my daughters Polly Allen, Eunice Sparks Sally Hendrix, Elizabeth Allen & Anna Woodruff, & my son Joseph Woodruffs lawful heirs, the part of my son Joseph Woodruffs children to remain in the hands of my executors till they think proper to dispose of it for their use. I give to my son Joseph Woodruff two dollars.

I do hereby nominate & appoint John Crocker, & Nathaniel Woodruff son of Thomas Woodruff as my executors. . . .

At first, the text in blue made me think this Joseph’s namesake predeceased him, but my heart stopped for a second when I read the line in red – Joseph was clearly still living and probably had minor children since the executors were to keep control of his children’s inheritance.

The 1820 census shows not one, but two Joseph Woodruffs in Spartanburg County, both aged 26-44 and both with minor children. My husband’s Joseph had been living in Hopkins County, Kentucky by 11 October 1816, the date on the county tax list, and at least 14 months before this Joseph Sr. wrote his 1817 will.

From the wording of the will, I think Joseph Sr. realized his son wasn’t good at managing money and perhaps had financially bailed him out in the past. He also didn’t want to disinherit his grandchildren so he left their bequests in the hands of executors, who could make sure a bill got paid.

Because Joseph in Kentucky amassed a fair amount of land and I’ve not come across his name in court records for debt, I tend to believe this Joseph’s son was one of the two men still in South Carolina in 1820.

Readers, what do you think? Am I correct in believing that this point that Joseph Sr.’s son, Joseph Jr., and Joseph’s children were living locally in Spartanburg County and not in Hopkins County, Kentucky?

Joseph Woodruff of Hopkins County, Kentucky appears to be the son of Samuel Woodruff and Jennet Woodruff of Spartanburg County, North Carolina.

Here is the proposed family tree for the Woodruff family that I am trying to document:

Woodruff Family Tree

As you can see, it will take a while for me to gather documents to prove these lines. On the surface, I haven’t found any conflicting evidence pointing to errors in this lineage, but time will tell.






Friday’s Family History Finds

The best Family History Finds this week:

Family Stories

Determination to Get One Record Leads to a Pile of Records on Family Mysteries by Vera Miller on Find Lost Russian & Ukrainian Family

Was Eleanor of Aquitaine My Ancestor? Generation 17 – Barbara Willems Pijlijser by Yvette Hoitink on Dutch Genealogy

You Know What They Say About Assuming by Ellen Thompson-Jennings on Hound on the Hunt

A Musket Ball “whizzed by old Mrs. Hancock’s head”? by J.L. Bell on Boston 1775

Harry Dana Spradlin: Missing by Gwen Kubberness on Criminal Genealogy

Research Resources

Digging Deep by Rhonda McClure on Vita Brevis

100+ Online Resources for Quebec Genealogical Research by Gail Dever on Genealogy à la Carte

Small Irish Sources by John D. Reid on Canada’s Anglo-Celtic Connections

Tech News

ThruLines Is Changing Your Tree Before Displaying It by Michael John Neill on Rootdig

Genetic Genealogy

Thirteen Good Reasons to Test Your Mitochondrial DNA by Roberta Estes on DNAeXplained – Genetic Genealogy

Another Confusing Set of Shared DNA Matches by Michael John Neill on Rootdig

Common Ancestor Puzzle by Marcia Crawford Philbrick on Heartland Genealogy

Finding John Costello – A DNA Journey: Progress Update by The Genealogy Girl


Whitwick Historical Group by Tony Proctor on A Parallax View

5 Tips for Researching the In-Laws by DiAnn Iamarino on Fortify Your Family Tree

Archiving Your Digital Family History Files: Introduction (Part 1) by Eva Anne on The Family History Librarian

Out of Place Records by Nancy on My Ancestors and Me

The Census Taker Missed by Ann Lawthers on Vita Brevis

Education Is for Everyone

An Introductory Guide to Scandinavian Naming Patterns by Jenny Hansen, guest blogger, on Are You My Cousin?

Wicked Apparell by Heather Wilkinson Rojo on Nutfield Genealogy

How Genealogy in Germany Compares to US Genealogy by James Beidler on Family Tree

Keeping Up with the Times

Reclaim the Records Files the Biggest Lawsuit Ever by James Tanner on Genealogy’s Star

Revolutionary War Graves Lost and Found by Lorine McGinnis Schulze on Olive Tree Genealogy Blog

One More Woodruff Puzzle: Nathaniel Woodruff of Spartanburg County, SC, 1790

Here is my next Woodruff puzzle, which seems to have a few missing pieces.

Samuel Woodruff who died c1835 in Spartanburg County, South Carolina is said to be the son of a Nathaniel Woodruff. It is certainly possible, although Samuel Woodruff isn’t found in any census record in 1790.

There are three Woodruffs enumerated in Spartanburg County, South Carolina in 1790:

Nathaniel Woodrough is head of a household of just two people, himself and likely his wife, both over 45 years old.

Joseph Woodrough is likely the man who left a will in 1817.

I haven’t traced Thomas, but he is still in Spartanburg County in 1800 and is over 45, so born no later than 1765. He could easily be a son of Nathaniel, although Joseph Woodruff named not only a son named Thomas, but also appointed one Nathaniel Woodruff, son of Thomas Woodruff, as one of his executors.

This family definitely liked sharing the same given names among various branches of the family, which isn’t helping matters.

In 1800, there is still one Nathaniel Woodruff enumerated in Spartanburg County and he is over 45, so born no later than 1755:

I’d say that this is not the same man as the Nathaniel in 1790, given that there is a male under ten, a male 10-15 and three males 16-25, unless these are grandchildren of a deceased child and/or farm help.

Here is the puzzle – Samuel Woodruff who died in 1835 is SAID to be (totally unproven) the son of one Nathaniel Woodruff, born c1744,  who married a Susannah (MNU). This Nathaniel reportedly died in 1771 in Spartanburg County, which isn’t possible because it didn’t exist at the time. At that time, Spartanburg was part of the old Ninety-Six District. Those records are housed in Abbeville County, South Carolina. (Note to myself – Read that book next time I am in the FHL.)

Further, it is SAID that Nathaniel Woodrough of Spartnaburg in 1790 died there in 1795. Not only can’t I find any probate record – the Woodruff family was one that left MANY wills – but I can’t find a single land deed for Nathaniel Woodruff either.

Spartanburg County has no early extant tax records, either.

If he was a tradesman, or a longhunter, that wouldn’t be unusual, but it makes piecing together a family for him quite impossible.

The alleged children of Nathaniel are:

1. Nathaniel (1744-1771) who married Susannah (MNU)
2. Thomas (1746-1829) who married Eunice (MNU) and died in Caldwell County, North Carolina
3. Joseph (1751-1817), the Spartanburg testator
4. John (1756-1818), reportedly died in Spartanburg County
5. Samuel (1763-1835/6), the Spartanburg testator

This might be totally accurate, but I can’t find a shred of evidence to support any of Nathaniel’s children, except for Joseph and Thomas in the 1790 census being possibilities.

Has anyone worked on this family and been able to prove anything???